Posted in 14th century, Anglo Norman, audiobook, Dublin, Dublin history, early medieval, famine, Gaelic Ireland, Gaelic revival, ireland, Irish history, Medieval Europe, Medieval history, Norman Invasion, tagged Mc Murrough, O Bryne, O Tooles, Wicklow on August 30, 2012 |
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Medieval warfare was traditionally thought to be the preserve of men. However 14th century records illustrate gaelic Irish women participated in warfare acting as spies moving between the Anglo Norman colony and Gaelic Ireland.
Through the course of the late 13th century, society in Ireland became increasingly violent. Wicklow and the surrounding regions were one of the places worst affected. High in the mountains gaelic society had survived the norman invasion relatively intact. From the 1270′s onwards the Gaelic Irish O Tooles, O Byrnes and Mc Murroughs were driven to raiding the Norman colony by frequent famines. In the following decades the Norman Colony in the Vale of Dublin, Kildare and the Barrow Valley were often decimated by raiding. Accounts of settlements on the fringes of Wicklow at the time are reminiscent of Deadwood.
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Posted in 14th century, Anglo Norman, audiobook, fashion, Gaelic Ireland, Gaelic revival, Medieval Europe, Medieval history, Norman Invasion, tagged cúlán, hairstyle, mullet on August 21, 2012 |
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The mullet is perhaps one of the more controversial of hairstyles. In a low point of modern culture this hairstyle reached unprecedented popularity in the 80′s. However if you’ve braved the taunts and abuse feel proud in the fact that you are in a long line of people facing similar repression over the mullet.
Britney Spears sporting a cúlán
In the medieval period the Gaelic Irish sported a hairstyle known as a cúlán (pronounced cool – awn). This was described in the 1297 parliament as having their “heads half shaved and grow their hair long at the back”. This parliament in Dublin banned Anglo Normans cutting their hair in this fashion describing it as “degenerate”. The Anglo Normans had no time for such hair cuts believing that long hair was a sign of femininity. As a result men in Anglo Norman society wore their hair short. Indeed at the time of the Norman invasion of England in 1066 they had clean shaven faces with a v shaped shaved into their hair from the crown of their heads to the their necks.
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Posted in 14th century, Anglo Norman, Annals, Archaeology, audiobook, Bishop of Ossory, Black death, castles, Civil war, Dublin, Dublin history, Economy, famine, Gaelic Ireland, Gaelic revival, Hall House, historical tours, Irish history, Medieval Europe, Medieval history, Medieval Monasticism, Norman Invasion, Plague, The Black Death, tagged Art Mc Murrough, Castlecomer, Dublin, Edward Bruce, hall house, John Clyn, Kilkenny, Richard de Clare, St Mullins, Strongbow on July 4, 2012 |
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In the 14th century Europe experienced one of the worst crises in recorded human history which saw war, famine and plague decimate the population. In Ireland this crisis developed in a society already wracked by deep divisions and political upheaval.
Although brewing for decades this crisis began in earnest in 1315 when one of the worst famines of medieval history gripped Ireland.This was followed by a period of extreme violence between the resurgent Gaelic Irish and the Norman Barons. The crisis reached its zenith when the Black Death struck Ireland killing between 30% and 50% of the population in 1348 and early 1349.
This 14th century crisis is the subject of an upcoming audiobook I am writing at the moment and here’s a taste of what to expect!
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